We have been talking about sleep apnea and asthma quite frequently now. But is there a relationship between them? We will talk about that, but first let us brush up some basic concepts, about both of these phenomena.
Asthma is a chronic lung inflammation that is common in the lungs. It is characterized by varied and recurrent symptoms, reversible air flow obstruction, and mild bronchospasm. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. They can occur several times a day or several times a week. Depending on the person, they may get worse at night or by exercising. There can be genetic, environmental or medical conditions causing asthma. The cure varies accordingly.
Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder where breathing stops and starts. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after full sleep, you may suffer from sleep apnea. There are several types of sleep apnea, each caused by various factors. Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Central Sleep Apnea, Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome are the major form of it. Sleep Apnea can occur even in children, but some particular factors intensify the risk. Therefore, it is often advised to keep a track of all such factors and act accordingly.
Relation between both
Since both sleep apnea and asthma are about breathing issues, they are surely related. Here is how it is.
According to new studies, adults with asthma are at increased risk of developing nasal airway disorders called obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects a large number of people with asthma. The findings on the prevalence of these comorbidities, however, are very different in this study. We know that more than ever, overweight and sleep apnea children tend to increase. Repeated breathing at night can really suck your stomach juice into your throat, which can reach your nose or lungs. This causes inflammation of the nose and lungs and excessive response to allergies, vapours, and even temporal changes. The lack of deep sleep also causes hypersensitivity of the nervous system and immune system, which exacerbates this vicious cycle.
We usually believe that asthma is an independent disorder of obstructive sleep apnea and is handled in a completely different way. However, it is no coincidence that the rise of the most intense nocturnal asthma and periods of apnea occurs simultaneously in the middle of the night – early in the morning. In the morning, REM sleep is the most extraordinary, and this is when the neck muscles are most relaxed. It is also known that the presence of apnea causes reflexes which are known to reach the throat, nose, and lungs. In a small study in people with sleep apnea and asthma, the treatment of sleep apnea with CPAP significantly improved the symptoms of night asthma.
As a bunch of experts in both the field, we at aanch, would suggest you to keep control of the mutual factors and live accordingly. A detailed article on the same will be published soon.
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