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List of Indian Film Industries based on their Cities and Languages


Do you know why the word ‘Wood’ is used behind the names of Bollywood, Hollywood, Tollywood and from where these names have originated?

First of all, let us tell you, the word “wood” is used in the names of major film industries like Hollywood, Tollywood, Bollywood. At the same time, the name Hollywood was started by H.J. Vitale (H.J. Whitley). That’s why he is called ‘Father of Hollywood’.

India is popular for its ancient history, varied landscapes and diverse culture. India is the framework of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the godmother of history, the grandmother of legends and the great-grandmother of customs, tradition and great love for the Indian Film Industry. Let’s know more about Indian Film Industries based on their Cities and Languages.

Kashmiri Film Industry – Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmiri cinema is the Kashmiri language-based movie industry in the Kashmir Valley of India.

The film policy is set to profit local artists including fashion designers, dancers, choreographers, actors, sound recordists, cinematographers, set designers, and others, according to the Government of Jammu & Kashmir.

While promoting the pleasing beauty of the union territory (UT), the policy predicts giving a platform for the local talent to prove themselves on the national level. Several movies were made post-2000. However, only a few of them had a proper release in cinema halls /theatres through proper distribution. Harud, Kashmir Daily and Half Widow are the only movies on this list and were released on the platform of PVR.

Pollywood – Punjabi Film Industry 

Punjabi cinema sometimes signifies as Pollywood is the Punjabi language film industry focus centered on the state of Punjab in the country based in Mohali and Amritsar. With the 1928 production of Daughters of Today, the cinema of Punjab has its beginnings, the earliest feature film made in Punjab.  

At least 10 leading film and music production houses of the Punjabi industry have come together to form a film association, Punjabi Film Federation (PFF). Sources within the industry vie that a stronger association is needed to handle managing workers and fraternity of this industry in a crisis like the pandemic.

Mainstream actors like Jimmy Shergill or Diljit Dosanjh etc get a chance as Punjabi stars, they themselves produce movies and cast themselves as Heroes.

Punjabi Film Industry is progressing up so fast. Punjabi Singer Guru Randhawa is coming with a song partnership with Hollywood celebrity Pitbull. If you haven’t seen the Film Qismat then you don’t identify how the industry is updated with some awesome tales. New actors from theatre have joined the Punjabi industry and doing an impressive job. 

Rajasthani Cinema 

All the films made and produced in the royal city of India, Rajasthan, add up to the cinema of Rajasthan. The languages of these films are mostly the regional and the tribal languages of Rajasthan such as Mewari, Marwari, Bagri, Brajbhasha.

Released in 1942, the first-ever Rajasthani film was Nazrana. It was directed by G.P Kapoor and produced in the Marwari language. The first Rajasthani film that bagged the most fame and name was Babasa Ri Ladli. B.K. Adarsh was the producer and released in 1961.

Lack of finance and quality

One of the major factors is the finance, lack of talent, technical skills and quality in the Rajasthani Film Industry. This results in a decrease in the number of screens that release the regional Rajasthani movies. It is facing threats and is dying.

Lack of Promotion and Poor Production

Another factor is the dull scripts due to which mainstream actors and filmmakers are distancing the Rajasthani Film Industry. Several popular and mainstream filmmakers who used to actively contribute to the Rajasthani Film Industry are now aiming for Bollywood stuff.

Bhojpuri Film Industry

Bhojpuri cinema is the Indian filmmaking cinema of the Bhojpuri language based in Bihar, India. Bhojpuri movie industry popularly familiar as Bhojiwood is a burgeoning behemoth, a Rs 2000 crore (and progressing) industry that is a fast-moving journey the likes of A-Listers like Ravi Kishen and Manoj Tiwari, and creating new milestones and breaking fresh ground. The enduring popularity of Bhojpuri cinema defines Bihari culture

Made in 1961, the first Bhojpuri film, Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo when Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India (and a native of Bihar), told the actor Nazir Hussain that he felt like to see a movie in that language. The movie became a huge success and originate the Bhojpuri film industry, which today produces about 50 films each year. Bhojpuri films have audiences in eastern Uttar Pradesh, where the language is traditionally spoken and in Bihar and, but also in other chunks of India which have Bihari migrants and countries such as Fiji and Mauritius which have a population of people with Bihari forefathers.

Gujarati Film Industry

Gujarati Cinema is one of the great regional and spoken language film industries of the Indian Cinema. For the last ten years, the industry is at its highest peak with sensible filmmakers which has gained heavy honor from the audiences. The films are made with great performances, unique content, melodious music, and varied genres like Family, Thriller, Comedy, Romance, Action, etc.

Gujarati Film Industry has many movies that have been shot outside the country which shows at what pace the industry is progressing. The Industry faith in not only creative filmmaking but also promoting it on different platforms.

Through Art and Creativity, Gujarati Cinema has gain immense popularity reaching out to worldwide audiences over the years and more than 8 crore Gujaratis. Gujaratis do have deep money pockets and the time is not far when we see Gujarati Film Industry reach skies of progress.

History of Gujarati Cinema

Released in 1932, the First Gujarati movie Narasinh Mehta was directed by Nanubhai Vakil. Gujarati Cinema which is widely familiar as Gollywood or Dhollywood has gone through a roller-coaster ride. It was in the year 1961 when Gujarati Cinema has crossed the 100 film mark. It took around 30 years for Gujarati Industry to mark its first century. In 1968, The First Gujarati color film Liludi Dharti was released. Two decades to 80s and 70s were the golden time period of Gujarati Cinema not only in film making but making some classic Gujarati movie songs, box-office collection and best of the movies as well.

Bengali Film Industry 

The first Bengali movie was produced as early as 1918. Before Satyajit Ray, directors like Ritwik Ghatak started a new trend of realistic cinema, which were to be ultimately familiar as parallel cinema. The Bengali film industry introduced our nation to ‘parallel cinema’.

The big-budget films of Bengali which are having star actors are primarily commercial masala movies. There is completely no interest in such films outside the State as each of the industries has its own set of such commercial movies and star actors, especially when there is no freshness.

Then the collective efforts towards promotion – the producer require to not just release in outside state for two shows but require to promote the film. That will be possible only if they take real-time efforts to do so. On the other hand, there need to be more reviews, promotions by the audience on social media in a devoted manner. Promotion is the root to catch the attention. Bengali movies like that aspect.

If Bengali movies need to be famous, they want to make more content-based film pattern and promote them well. Bengali commercial movies still have a long journey to go.  

Assamese Film Industry

The first Assamese feature film, Jaymati released in the third decade of the twentieth century. The movie was produced and directed by Jyotiprasad Agarwala.

The state has 78 cinema halls, including 20 in the city, giving livelihood opportunities to lakhs of people.  

Assamese cinema has not arrived in a bigger manner on the national layer. Prospects for the local Film industry are not particularly bright and vibrant even within Assam. As feel the reason for this is that there are not sufficient cinema halls in semi-urban and rural areas, which is where the traditional audience for Assamese movies is.

Ollywood – Odia Film Industry 

What is the Odia film industry denoted?

The Odia film industry, colloquially familiar as Ollywood, is the Odia language Indian film industry, based in Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar in Odisha, India.

Which film is the highest collection in Odisha?

Balunga Toka is the excessive grosser Odia movie of all time. It has collected est. 40-50 million at the box office graph, and remaining “All-Time Industry Hit” till date.

There’s passion and appetite, but not much action in Odisha’s film industry  

The lack of a film policy is to hold responsible. Others talk of a lack of tax reliefs and subsidies. There is also the lack of a market, dominated as it is by Hindi movies.

Not targeting the present Odia youth: The films are stuck in a time warp! Either the scriptwriters don’t understand us or they still need to show a young love story that would only be connected to the older crowd. Easily you haven’t come across any movie which is even about the normal college youth of current time’s structure, let alone the present youth issues.  

Not motion with time: Self-explanatory. Extremely small budget: Not place blame on the industry for this. The government must help them. Everyone understands the hardships that go into producing a low-budgeted movie and Ollywood has all our sympathies.

Marathi Film Industry 

Although the industry is pretty smaller than the huge market-driven Hindi cinema based in Mumbai, Marathi cinema is tax-free and is experiencing progress in recent years. Raja Harishchandra, directed by Dadasaheb Phalke, was a Marathi film, now familiar as India’s first full-length feature that has been released in 1913.

Maharashtra’s film industry has been christened Mollywood as the reason for its operating language Marathi.  

For a long, the works of younger Marathi filmmakers have been recognized for being rich in content, technically sound and headlined by some of the finest acting talents in the nation. But most of them wrestle to make it to the finishing line. This, when the last decade-and-a-half has often been seen as a renaissance of sorts in Marathi cinema, thanks to new-age filmmakers and writers, unusual subject lines and the State government’s subsidies and grants to the Marathi film industry.  

According to State government directive, it is compulsory for multiplexes in the State to reserve at least one show a day for Marathi movies.

TollywoodTelugu Film Industry

Well, we all notice that Tollywood is one of the most victorious film industries in India, it holds a number of fortunate stories as well. Looking into the deep, there are a lot of unknown matters that each and every one of Tollywood fans must identify.

Tollywood made the highest number of movies than any other film industry in the nation. In 2006, the count was 243, In 2005, 2006 and 2008, the Telugu film industry has produced the largest number of movies in the country.

Tollywood was actually the Bengali Cinema which originated from the zone of Tollygunge, but was later completely dominated by Telugu film dominance and is now is been calling with the name Tollywood for the Telugu film industry.

Super Star Actor Rajinikanth who has made loud appreciation in Kollywood now has started his lead role journey from the Telugu world. His initial film with the lead role was Chilakamma Cheppindi, a film was written and directed by Eranki Sharma. The movie won the state Nandi Award for Best Feature Film.

Telugu audiences like commercial movies a lot. Here Heroes are treated as Almighty (blind belief). Hatred and Love both are in peaks. Special song arrangements (item songs) are adjusted even in the family movies.

Sandalwood – Karnataka Film Industry

Here the very initial Kannada film Sati Sulochana was producing with a Budget of Rs.40,000 way back in 1934.

What is the Karnataka film industry called?

Kannada cinema, also familiar as Sandalwood, Chandanavana or Kannada Film Industry, is the chunk of Indian cinema devoted to the production of motion pictures in the Kannada language widely spoken in the state of Karnataka. directed by Y. V. in 1934 as the movie name was Sati Sulochana.

With the majority of producers struggling to stay afloat, no income from theatres, bank loans, and blocked funds due to stopped projects, the Karnataka government is stepping up to help the Kannada film industry expand and accelerate vaccination. Stakeholders say a mega movie studio is more required now as Sandalwood has suffered a rough patch of nearly Rs 1,000 cr losses during the pandemic.

For shooting and production, however, the Kannada film industry relies heavily on film cities such as the Ramoji Film City in Hyderabad and other tiny movie studios in Chennai and Mumbai.

KollywoodTamil Film Industry

What is the Tamil film industry denoted?

In Chennai of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Kollywood refers to Tamil cinema in Kodambakkam.

Who is the king of the Tamil film industry?

Over the years, Rajinikanth has set up himself as the most bankable star in Tamil cinema and all of his movies have had awesome opening numbers at the box office.

Where is the Tamil film industry?

Tamil Nadu is also the sweet home to the Tamil film industry, the second-largest film industry in India after Bollywood (Hindi films). It is based in Chennai and is a fusion of Hollywood and Kodambakkam, the section of Chennai that houses cinema-linked facilities.

How big is the South Indian Movie industry?

According to movie industry estimates, the South Indian Industry (Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam) clocked around Rs 1,040 crore in 2020.

  • Here the appearance of heroes is not significant as acting skills.
  • Budget is not so necessary here. Low-budget movies with an innovative storyline, interesting screenplay & good acting are sufficient for a hit movie here.
  • Tamil cinema has the influential number of directors than Heros.
  • Tamil cinema has more experimental movies and more variety of movies.
  • Cinema will not show everything in trailers.

Mollywood – Kerela Film Industry

Devoted to the production of motion pictures in the Malayalam language, Malayalam cinema is the Indian film industry based in the southern state of Kerala. The superstar of Malayalam cinema, Mohanlal, is the overpriced paid actor of the industry.

The technical skills of Malayalam films are also something to be praised. The evergreen landscape of grassy hills and the backwaters help, but these elements of sound design, production and even cinematography are head and shoulders above other Indian regional cinema.

There is nothing to discuss that the Malayalam film industry has given one of the good cinemas in India. The Malayalam cinema indeed produces the least cut and dried movies. The content, quality of the director, and also the artist is really awesome for an industry limited to a relatively smaller audience as Cinema is a way of storytelling.

Malayalam movies are always grounded and never shied away to tell the narrative and they keep it very near to the real graph. Also, the super talented actors make the industry even easy to tell stories. Malayalam industry has the best character artists in the structured business.

Bollywood – Hindi Film Industry 

In the financial year 2019, the revenue originated from in-cinema advertising across the nation was valued at over 11 billion rupees. All-in-all, the Bollywood film industry has a variety of revenue sources and with the increasing focus on regional and digital languages, the value of the industry is poised for progress. The fact is, Bollywood nearby produces around 1000 films every year, which is almost double the output of Hollywood.

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